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National Council for Geographic Education

Top Ten Ideas for Teaching APHG to Ninth Graders

Ten resources for the new content of the Nature and Perspective, Population, Culture and Political Units in the AP Syllabus
Sharon Shelerud
sharonmn@aol.com


With the new school year underway many people may be looking for information regarding the new content in the AP human Geography Syllabus. This column gives you some suggested sites to use for your own information or for you students to use. These sites will give you important information and will help you and your students understand some of the new concepts that were added to AP Human Geography.

I. Nature and Perspective
Identification of major world regions was added to the syllabus. These two sites identify the
major regions.

1. Reading: Internet World Stats - Usage and Population Statistics http://www.internetworldstats.com/list1.htm

Map of world regions: Flat world knowledge .com
http://images.flatworldknowledge.com/berglee/berglee-fig01_010.jpg
World regions based on UN Country Grouping

II. Population
One of the additions to migration was looking at cultural, environmental and political consequences of migration and immigration policies and remittances. These two sites mainly deal with immigration policies and remittances, but will also be helpful for the other consequences.

2. Types of migration
National Geographic -Xpeditions - Why People Migrate http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/lessons/09/g68/migrationguidestudent.pdf 

Type of migration
Bednarz, Sarah, Texas A&M - "Migration"
http://geography.tamu.edu/class/sbednarz/geog201/migration8.html 

3. Immigration policies and remittances
This link provides you with a variety of readings dealing with immigration policies and remittances.
http://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=immigration+policies+and+remittances&hl=en&as_sdt=0&as_vis=1&oi=scholart&sa=X&ei=Uv7oU5bhFsv5yQTV04GIBQ&ved=0CBsQgQMwAA

III. Culture
Students will need to know sacred spaces for religions. These two sites will be a good student resource.

4. Scared Destinations - Sacred spaces for world religions
Interactive Map http://www.sacred-destinations.com/maps/world-map
Patheos Library - is a website with a wide range of information regarding religion, including scared spaces http://www.patheos.com/Library/

The syllabus now specifies indigenous people under cultural landscapes and cultural identity. I would use this site as a student resource.

5. Indigenous peoples
International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - http://www.iwgia.org/culture-and-identity/identification-of-indigenous-peoples
This website will help define and provide examples of indigenous peoples around the world.

IV. Political
ASEAN is now specified as an example of a regional alliance in the new syllabus. A great
resource to quickly get the information students will need.

6. ASEAN - Official site of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
http://www.asean.org/

The new syllabus simply states function of boundaries. This could be interpreted in a variety
Of ways. This site will be helpful for teachers to prepare a student lesson on the topic.

7. Function of boundaries
Blake, Gerald. University of Durham, " Geographers and International boundaries".
https://www.dur.ac.uk/resources/ibru/publications/full/bsb7-4_blake.pdf
This site provides an overview of boundaries and geography along with explanations of how boundaries are used in geography. A very thorough document that would probably be best used as a teaching tool.

Case studies always help students understand concepts better. Dividing the class into small groups and jig sawing this article would benefit student learning.
Al Sayel, Mohammed, Lohma Peter , Heipke, Christian, "International Boundary making – Three case studies" - Indonesia and Timor, Nigeria and Cameroon, Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
http://www.isprs.org/proceedings/XXXVIII/1_4_7-W5/paper/Al_Sayel-123.pdf
This article is also a good review of how boundaries are made.

The new syllabus includes political ecology as a term. This site provides you with a working definition of political ecology.

8. Environmental Justice, Liberations and Trade
http://www.ejolt.org/2013/02/political-ecology/

Centripetal and Centrifugal forces were also included as terms to know in the political unit. This link provides you with working definitions and real world examples for both terms.

9. and 10. Lewis, Ken, "Centripetal and Centrifugal forces. " http://www.lewishistoricalsociety.com/wiki/tikiprint_article.php?articleId=146

My November column will offer suggestions for sites for some of the new content in the remaining units. I would encourage everyone to share websites and information you find as we develop our lessons to cover this new material.

Please send any questions, comments, and column ideas to sharonmn@aol.com.